Friday, April 8, 2016

Health Agencies, Hospitals and Eradication of Blindness


Health Agencies:
Health is wealth to the people. If health is good every thing will be good to the common man. But if health is attacked by a disease it requires an expert or a well trained person to identify the disease process, factors causing the disease and treat the disease in a suitable way. Sometimes, a disease may affect the whole community too. Therefore in such situations, precautionary and preventive measures are to be taken by the health agencies and provide medical treatment to the diseased persons. Health of the individual is as important as the health of the community. Keeping this in view, both state and central govt. devised a health care system for rural and urban population.

The purpose of the health care system is to improve the status of health of urban and rural population. Its main goals to achieve are to reduce mortality, reduce population growth, improvement of nutritional values and providing basic sanitation and literacy.

Hospitals:
Hospitals are the major components of the health care system. In our country there are two types of hospitals - Government hospitals and private hospitals.
Keeping in view of locality and habitation, different types of health care systems are devised to meet the health care needs of rural and urban population.

Rural health care systems: Various types of health care systems are functioning for the rural population. These include village health guides, local dayees, anganwadi workers, rural hospitals, Sub- Center hospitals, primary health centers (P.H.C) and community health centers.

Village health guides: Health guide is a person who wants to do Social service at his or her spare time in small communities. They receive Honorarium in a form of small amount of money from the Government. Health guide is a connecting link between Government and Community. Government trains the Health Guide and provides with necessary information for the treatment and small kit of medicines.

Local dayee: In olden days deliveries of a pregnant Woman are usually done by local dayees only. But they were not aware of the scientific techniques and the deliveries in unhygienic conditions endanger the life of both mother and child. Even now a days the same conditions occur in rural areas. Hence under rural health scheme of the Government, dayees are trained properly in a scientific manner and are also provided with information on mother and child health care and small family norms.

Anganwadi Workers: Anganwadi means courtyard, Under the Integrated Child development scheme, one anganwadi worker is allotted to a Population of 1000. Anganwadi worker is trained in various aspects of health, nutrition and child development.

Rural Hospitals: In the remote and interior rural areas these hospitals are situated. They are intended to serve the rural population who can not afford to go to towns and cities for small health problems.

Sub - Center Hospitals: A sub center Hospital is established for a Population size of 3000 - 5000. Each sub - centre is looked after by a male and a female health worker.

Primary Health Centers (P.H.C.): Each PHC covers a population of 1,00,000 and spread over about 100 Villages and it is intended to meet the needs of rural population on health grounds. The PHC is looked after by a Medical Officer, Block Extension Educator, One female health assistant, a compounder, a driver and a laboratory technician. It is equipped with a Jeep and necessary facilities to carry out small surgeries.

Community Health Centers: Each Community Health Center covers a population of one lakh. It will have 30 beds and is looked after by specialists in medicine and surgery. It is equipped with a X-ray machine and necessary facilities to carry out surgeries and treat complicated cases.

Urban Health Care: These are generally located in the district head quarters to meet the health Care needs of same district people or other near by districts. These hospitals have doctors, compounders, nurses and specialists in different branches of medicine and surgery.

These hospitals are attached to medical colleges to train doctors and nurses and hence are called Teaching hospitals.

Eradication of Blindness:
Eye is the most important sense organ as it has a wonderful mechanism in perceiving objects we see around us. Hence, eye is to be protected throughout the life.

Blindness can occur both in children as well as in aged persons. In adults blindness occurs due to certain diseases like diabetes, glaucoma and cataract.
Due to some genetically reasons and under nourished children may be effected by the blindness. One of the major problems of under nourishment is Vitamin A deficiency. As many as 44% children suffer from moderate degree of protein energy malnutrition while 9% suffer from severe form of malnutrition.

Vitamin A deficiency is seen affecting over 7 Million Children in our Country. About 60,000 Children become blind every year due to Vitamin-A deficiency in their diet. 12 to 15% of our populations are in the age group of pre-school children.

The national goal is eradication of blindness due to Vitamin A deficiency because this preventable blindness. There are various agencies that can motivate Children, Parents and Society like teachers, village guides, anganwadi workers, primary health centers and publicity through electronic Media like T.V. Radio etc. are to achieve this goal.

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